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Agritourism in Nerola, near the castle

Nerola

Among the things to see in Rome we must mention Nerola. It’s a small medieval village located in a picturesque place on a high mountain between Rome and Rieti along Salaria highway. The village surrounded its ancient and imposing castle that from the highest point of the hill dominates one of the pass through which the ancients Sabini reached and settled in the flourishing plain of the river Tevere and founded towns including Cures, the ancient capital.

Nerola is placed in the North of Rome, between the river Tevere, the Sabini mountains, the Lucretili mountains, the valley of Rieti and the Umbria region. According to an ancient tradition the name “Nerola” derives from a famous Roman Emperor Nero, whose effigy has been taken as emblem by the municipality.

During the past Nerola was considered a strategic point because it was at 450 meters of altitude. That is the reason why during the Longobard and Saracen invasions it was chosen as means of defence by the Church. Precisely because of these invasions Benedetto Crescenzi, the Lord of Nerola, built in the year 1000 the beautiful castle that dominates the country to this day. The castle had changed owner many times, but in the 15th century became a property of the Orsini family. It was the wife of Prince Flavio Orsini, Anne Marie Tremille, who around 1680 brought in France the “water of Nerola” or “Nerolì”, an oil extracted from wild orange flowers that is used nowadays in pharmacology and in cosmetics.

The olive trees cultivation characterizes the Sabina region. The ancient inhabitants of Sabina had begun to cultivate olive trees long time before the founding of Rome.

Horace, Virgil and Terentius Varro had already spoken about olives and olive oil of Sabina.

Today the oil of Sabina has obtained the recognition of the Protected Designation of Origin (DOP Sabina), and you can taste it in our farm-to-table restaurant.

Farmhouse close to the abbey of Farfa

Farfa abbey

In the heart of ancient Sabina land, at the feet of Acuziano mountain, where nature meets history, we find the historical abbey of Farfa.

Every year, it is chosen by hundreds of romantics who want to celebrate their wedding adding a lot of poetry and uniqueness.

It is enshrouded in mystical silence that characterized also the village of Farfa and it is surrouded by green nature and happy setting. The name of the structure derives from the river “Farfarus” mentioned by Ovid that flows nearby and gives the name to the village too.

The Abbey of Farfa is one of the most emblematic monuments of the European Middle Ages. A famous place for its history but also for its peaceful, calm and simple atmosphere as the life of the Benedictine Monks who still live there and dedicate themselves to the Virgin Mary and to the Lord.

The Abbey shows the historical and artistic features of the Charles the Great’s period due to the influence under his patronage. In 1928 it was declared a national monument thanks to the architectural and artistic beauty of the monastery and basilica that tell the history of more than thousand years characterized by periods of great splendor and periods of decline or destruction and loss always followed by rebirth and reconstruction, transforming the abbey into a center of culture and spirituality.

Nowadays thousands of visitors admire the heritage of culture and art that it preserves and shows and they wish to spend a few hours or a few days of physical and spiritual rest, while taking advantage of accommodation facilities and refresh, as well as visiting the park and the property of “Filippo Cremonesi” Foundation which also includes typical houses of Farfa with beautiful shops run by local artisans.

Eager to discover all Sabina’s beauties?

Visit Fara Sabina, and take a rest at Bagolaro!

Fara Sabina

Fara Sabina is a town of 13,327 inhabitants in the province of Rieti.

The first settlement in the territory of Fara in Sabina dates back to prehistoric age, in particular at Upper Paleolithic Age: since that period the human presence has continued uninterruptedly throughout the metal ages, with significant presences in the bronze age. At the beginning of the Iron Age (IX-VIII century b.C.) the Sabini founded the city of Cures, whose ruins were found near the sanctuary of “Madonna dell’Arci”. In 290 b.C. the Sabina region was finally conquered by the Romans who settled in the territory. Starting from the 2nd century b.C. many farms produced oil, wine and cereals. This town was characterized by a center and a series of built-up areas from Passo Corese to Farfa.

The main public buildings in Cures were the “foro”, the temple, the baths, the theatre and the amphitheater. After the Roman conquest the city decayed reducing its extension. Recent excavations have shown the “foro” and several structures used as public buildings and roads.

Our farmhouse is near Canneto

THE BIGGEST OLIVE TREE IN EUROPE

The big olive tree that grows in Canneto, in the Bertini brothers estate, is considered one of the most ancient trees of Europe.

It produces 12 quintals of olives every year, its smallest part of the trunk is 5,60 meters round, in the middle is 7,20 meters round and in the lower part opens a hole that was caused several years before by an olive disease called “carie”.

During the war, when the hole was much wider and branched off in the ground, it was used as a place to store bombs and on the German military map the tree was marked as a strategic point.

The age of the tree has often been under discussion, according to the legend the olive tree dates back to the roman emperor Numa Pompilius Sabino, who has dedicated this area to the goddess Vacuna, to which people used to offer as a gift small white flowers of the olive tree. The most reliable theory demonstrates that the tree is a millennium years old, and it dates back the plant before the draining of Canneto realized by the Benedictine monks of Farfa.

This is definitely one of the best things to see in Rome!

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